Robotics is the science of robots, these mechanical or computer-controlled machines carrying out complex series of actions automatically. Their development has already impacted healthcare: robots allow to automate many processes notably in regard to the assistance and rehabilitation of patients with mobility issues, but also contribute to enhance the precision of surgery, to design next generations of prosthetics or exoskeletons controlled by brain / machine interfaces. They can even help optimising hospital facilities. Implementing photonic devices and artificial intelligence in robots makes them “smart” and will drastically improve their ability to assist patients, clinicians, surgeons, nurses and all actors involved in the hospital daily routines.
Robotics is the branch of engineering and science that deals with the design, manufacturing and use of mechanical and virtual robots. A robot is an automated device capable of executing operations following a fix or adaptable program. Robotics implements their control, sensory feedback, and information processing. This multidisciplinary field includes mechanical, electronic, information engineering and computer science. The progress in robotics are re-shaping almost all field of human activity thanks notably to the ability of robots to repeat the same tasks identically, allowing humans to focus on more complex tasks
The word “Robotics” has been used for the first time by the science-fiction author Isaac Asimov, back in the 1940’s.
What do robotics bring to healthcare?
In healthcare, robots are helping to overcome human limitations in surgery, rehabilitation, assistance or facility management. Back in 1983, Arthrobot was the first robot to assist a surgeon in more than 60 arthroscopic surgical procedures. Since then, robots have entered the hospital as well as the operating room. In September 2016, the remotely controlled robotic surgeon called Robotic Retinal Dissection Device (R2D2) helped surgeons to remove a membrane 100th of a millimetre thick from a retina. This was the first time a robot had been used to conduct an operation of the eye. However robotic applications do not only restrain to surgery and include:
- Robotic prosthesis
- Assistive robots combined with mobility and cognitive support systems for enhanced post-surgery rehabilitation or to compensate neurologic disabilities
- Ultra-high-resolution robotic assistance to precisely place stem cells in the eye, brain, heart to drive regeneration.
- Supportive robots improving the complex logistics of large hospitals
- Large in vitro assays facilities handled by robots allowing high-throughput screening for drug discovery and diagnosis procedures
Minimally invasive surgical procedures
More precise, quicker, safer surgery with faster recovery of patients
Training of surgeons to increase proficiency
Enhanced rehabilitation for patients both at hospital and at home
Thanks to assistive robots like exoskeletons, lifting devices, remote communication robots or robotic prosthesis
Quicker, automated and multiplex diagnosis
Remote communication, medication & patient transport robots improving medical staff and patient’s condition
Robotics for healthcare applications
Functionalised, automated and connected surgical tools enhance the surgeon’s vision, precision and control during the operation
Today, instruments can bend and rotate far beyond the human hand. They can also include magnified 3D-high definition vision systems.
An implantable device can record brain signal and decrypt it so the patient can pilot the robotic arms and legs of an ambulatory exoskeleton. The system allows paralyzed people to walk again. It is notably developed by Clinatec in Grenoble, France. Only the convergence of expertise in robotics, biomaterials and digital health allow to develop these complex systems
Automated in vitro diagnosis analytical systems are already widely used for the detection of biomarkers of very diverse conditions
It includes for example cancer, anaemia, autoimmunity, hypertension, diabetes, hepatitis tuberculosis or zika. They have been successful in making diagnosis easier, faster and more accurate. Various European companies have already successfully invested this market.
How will NOBEL support the robotics for healthcare community?
- The European project NOBEL is a Coordination and Support Action (CSA) under Horizon 2020 aiming to help the convergence of robotics with other key enabling technologies with applications in healthcare: photonics, nanomedicine, advanced materials and digital health. NOBEL is coordinated by the ETP-Nanomedicine
- European Technology Platforms (ETPs) represent each individual technological community at the European level and help bridging those communities with the European Commission. Six ETPs that have applications in healthcare are associated to NOBEL: ETP-Nanomedicine, Photonics21, EU-Robotics, EU-MAT, the European Society of Biomaterials and the ETP for Smart Systems Integration (EPoSS). The NOBEL Project provides them with a meeting space and dissemination by organising annual meetings of their representatives and sharing information from each of them to the HealthTech community
- The NOBEL Project provides the ecosystem with strategic documents on the future of HealthTech in Europe by combining the inputs of all its Associated Partners in a single vision: the Continuum of Care, a vision for the future of healthcare in Europe.
NOBEL Booth at MedTech Forum 2018
14th May 2018, Brussels
First annual meeting of the European Technological Platforms (ETPs) representatives
5th June 2018, Paris
TAB Greet & Meet at MedFIT 2018
25th June 2018, Strasbourg
Third NOBEL Consortium meeting
4th October 2018, Milan
Introducing NOBEL's vision for the future of HealthTech during INDTECH 2018
30th October 2018, Vienna
All terms are defined in the Glossary.
The list of technologies/products/companies described in these fact sheets is not exhaustive and does not intend to promote any particular actor of the HealthTech community nor to advertise particular product/company.